Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas, that acts like a key to let glucose from the food we eat pass from the blood stream into the cells in the body to produce energy. All carbohydrate foods are broken down into glucose in the blood. Insulin helps glucose get into the cells.
Not being able to produce insulin or use it effectively leads to raised glucose levels in the blood (known as hyperglycaemia). Over the long-term high glucose levels are associated with damage to the body and failure of various organs and tissues.
According to Institute of Public Health of Serbia data it is estimated that in Republic of Serbia without Kosovo and Metohija (hereinafter: Serbia) approximately 710,000 persons or 12.4% of adult population suffer from diabetes (2), which corresponds to comparative prevalence 9,9% (1). The number of persons with type 2 diabetes is much higher (95%) than of those with type 1 diabetes (1). Thereby, according to the estimation of the domestic experts and on the basis of the results of international studies, 36% of the persons with type 2 diabetes have not been diagnosed and are not aware of their disease (3,4,5).